Quick Answer: Is A Witness Statement Confidential?

Are witness statements public?

Pursuant to CPR 32.13, a witness statement (standing as evidence-in-chief) is open to public inspection during trial, unless the Court directs otherwise.

Under its inherent jurisdiction, the Court may grant access to written submissions and/or skeleton arguments..

Who sees a witness statement?

Who will get to see the witness statement? After the statement has been signed, a copy of it will normally be disclosed – along with all other witness statements – to the other party. The other party will disclose the witness statements in support of its case at the same time.

Can the prosecution call the defendant as a witness?

If the defendant chooses to remain silent, the prosecutor cannot call the defendant as a witness, nor can a judge or defense attorney force the defendant to testify. (Defendants in civil cases may, however, be forced to testify as a witness in a civil case.

Can you be convicted on a statement?

You can’t be convicted if the prosecution submits no evidence of your guilt. … It’s just not as strong as direct evidence. There are also many exceptions to the hearsay rule. Even if all the evidence is hearsay, some or all of it may be admissible under one or more exceptions.

What are the three basic requirements for a person to qualify as a competent witness?

In general, a witness is competent if he meets four requirements:He must, with understanding, take the oath or a substitute. Evid. … He must have personal knowledge about the subject of his testimony. … He must remember what he perceived.He must be able to communicate what he perceived.

How do you sign off a witness statement?

Witness StatementsStart with the name of the case and the claim number;State the full name and address of the witness;Set out the witness’s evidence clearly in numbered paragraphs on numbered pages;End with this paragraph: ‘I believe that the facts stated in this witness statement are true. ‘ and.be signed by the witness and dated.

What happens if I make a statement to police?

If you give a written statement, the police will normally ask to come to your home or ask you to visit the police station. … You can ask the police officer to read your statement to you. You will be asked to sign the statement to say that it is an accurate account of what you think happened.

What happens if police don’t have enough evidence?

Even if police don’t have hard evidence of your guilt, you may still be placed under arrest if certain circumstances are present. Police must follow legal procedures during the arrest process, as well as during other stages of attempting to put a suspect in jail.

What happens when you give a witness statement?

Giving a statement A witness statement is your written or video recorded account of what happened to you or what you saw / happened. The police will ask you questions and write down what you have said. You will be asked to read it and sign it with your name. … Your witness statement may be used as evidence in court.

Is a witness statement enough to convict?

There are many exceptions to the hearsay rule where an out of court statement would be admissible. Can I be convicted if the only evidence is the word of one person? Unfortunately, the answer is yes, if the jury believes that one witness beyond a reasonable doubt.

Do I have to go to court if I give a statement?

Just because you’ve given a statement doesn’t mean the police will ask you to give evidence in court. They’ll contact you if you have to go to court to give evidence – this can take some time. This is because court cases can take a long time to prepare.

Can a witness read from a document?

Asking a witness to read out loud from a document in evidence is probative of nothing except that the witness is literate and can read, which is never an issue anyway. If the document is not in evidence, the witness cannot read out loud from it under any circumstances.

How can I prove my innocence?

Present the police with your evidence.Bring the exculpatory evidence with you, including the names and addresses of alibi witnesses.The police may choose to arrest you at any point. Be prepared to be arrested.If the state has already charged you with a crime, then presenting evidence to them will do little good.

Can witnesses see each others statements?

Although witnesses are not entitled as of right to see a copy of their statement before the day of trial, there is no general rule that prohibits a witness from seeing their statement before trial. Many courts have approved the practice of allowing witnesses to see their statements prior to trial.

Can I refuse to attend court as a witness?

You must decide whether you can spare the time from your work or business to prepare a report and, perhaps, go to a court hearing. If you are asked to be a witness of fact, you can also refuse. But the party who asks you can take steps to make you come to court to act as their witness.

Can I refuse to give a witness statement?

Each individual summonsed to court may refuse to answer the prosecutor’s questions if they have a “just excuse” for doing so. A couple of reasons why someone would be: A genuine fear of reprisals. That the answer to the question might incriminate the witness.

Can I withdraw a statement made to the police?

No, not always. Sometimes, despite there being evidence (reliable or not) that an incident of domestic violence has occurred, the Police will exercise their discretion and not lay criminal charges.

Do witness statements have to be signed?

Any statement should be written and signed in ink. Witness statements should be drafted so that they are concise and to the point. They should only deal with matters within the direct knowledge of the witness. … Once the statement has been completed, you should read it over to the witness before it is signed.

What makes a good witness statement?

If you are making a witness statements it should: be written in your own words, in the first person. state facts within your personal knowledge, and if not. specify the source of the information or belief is not within your direct knowledge.

Can you be found guilty without evidence?

The simple answer is, “no.” You cannot be convicted of a crime without evidence. … You cannot be convicted of a federal crime. If there is no evidence against you, under the law, it simply is not possible for the prosecutor’s office to obtain a conviction at trial.

Should you give a statement to police?

If you tell the police what happened, they might understand and not arrest you or go easier on you. … Without a statement, an officer will arrest you because they do not know both sides of the story. Officers get angry if you do not give a statement and are more likely to arrest you.